There are many different materials that clarinet mouthpiece can be made from. There is a significant difference in belief as to how much the particular material is really of importance when it comes to the projection of sound of the mouthpiece.
This topic is actually very controversial and frequently creates a significant difference in belief when being debated. There are many qualified professionals that are completely certain that the distinctions between the different materials used to make mouthpieces have no consequence on the way the clarinet sounds or plays. There are even more qualified professionals alike, who are certain that the different materials are vital to the way the mouthpiece sounds and plays. There have been large amounts of experiments and studies that have generated evidence that can be used to prove both sides of that argument.
Crystal mouthpieces are becoming more and more popular today. They are said to have a behavior like no other mouthpiece. They have a higher resistance and the sound they create is frequently described as "dark but colorful and flute-like". To balance their higher resistance it is preferred that softer reeds are used with it. An advantage of using a crystal mouthpiece is that crystal is very resistant, as it does not become warped because of dampness. Also, its chances of expanding due to heat is very low.
One of the most popular brands of crystal mouthpieces is POMARICO. The Pomarico Company is a family-owned business located just North of Milan, Italy. They are a small company but the quality and performance of their mouthpieces are prestigious. Some of the great players that use a Pomarico mouthpiece includes Chris Corbett, principal clarinet in the Deutsches Symphonie Orchester Berlin, and Corrado Giuffredi, international clarinet virtuoso and first clarinet in Italian Swiss' Orchestra. And there are many many more. Their mouthpieces consist of pure Italian crystal from Tuscany. And every Pomarico mouthpiece is completely handmade.
Pomarico's crystal mouthpieces are instantly responsive. They are perfect for chamber music and concerts. Pomarico's experience in the mouthpiece making business has led them to start making mouthpieces with crystal, which is what they believe to be the best. They believe that crystal is the best sound conductor. They also believe that crystal mouthpieces are the most germ-free, and as stated earlier they are not easily warped due to dampness.
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