Sunday, August 28, 2016


Major Pentatonic

The major pentatonic is similar to the minor pentatonic: The intervals for a major pentatonic are 1 2 3 5 6 1. The C major scale includes C D E G A C. The difference between the major and minor scale is the minor scale has a flatten 3rd interval. The following is the most common generic box shape for the pentatonic major scale:
English: Gb major pentatonic scale. Created by...
The major pentatonic sounds happier and are not used as extensively in rock and blues as the minor version of the scale. They sound good over major chords, and power chords. Sometimes the minor and major scales are used in the same song, with the major scale used for the chorus, and the minor for the verse.

There are no hard and fast rules when in comes to scales and soloing. It s a matter of style and personal choice, as long as it sounds good, go for it. But you will find that if you use these simple scale forms in conjunction with an appropriate chord progression this will sound good more often.
A chord progression based on the A minor chord will sound good with A minor pentatonic and a C major chord will sound good with C major scale. For information on chord progressions please go to the section at our web site on chord progressions.

Minor Pentatonic

Minor pentatonic scales are used extensively in modern and classic rock. A strong understanding of how pentatonic scales work, and can be used for soloing and creating riffs, is extremely important. They are also the easiest and generally the first scales most people learn.

Minor pentatonic blues scale on A

I assume you know how to read basic TAB format for this lesson. If you have not been exposed to TAB then you should review our lesson on reading guitar TAB before moving on.

The Minor Pentatonic scale consists of the following intervals: 1 b3 4 5 b7 1. In the key of A the intervals would be the notes of A C D E G A. There are 5 scale shapes in box patterns for the pentatonic scales.

The 5 is the fifth fret and is the root note, thus the name of the key and scale is A, the intervals determines the type Minor or Major. This scale shape above is the most scale and is used in rock, blues and most styles of music. If you move this entire shape up to positions on the guitar and play the same shape you will have a B minor pentatonic. Likewise if you slide the entire shape down two potions you have a G minor pentatonic.

Practice this scale shape several times a day, moving it into different positions or keys, for variety. Many of rocks most famous licks are derived form this shape. If you are going to play guitar learning this one basic shape is mandatory.

Saturday, August 27, 2016


If you are new to learning the piano and you’re not sure quite where to start, then you will be needing some really excellent step by step piano lessons to help you get you started.

The news is all good. Such a system is not hard to find, especially in today’s world with the internet being readily available to most of us.

English: One APEX kid teaching another what he...
(Photo credit: Wikipedia)

However, there can be a problem! There are several downloadable courses on the internet which offer tuition on teaching you to learn to play the piano. Most of them offer good value - some better than others. Most of them will also allow you access to some free lessons to get you started.

So what - you want to know - is this problem?  The problem is in finding step by step piano lessons that will be suited to you in particular. What should you be looking for? What is the  cost of the course? What length of time will the course take?

Here are some pointers for you to consider.

1. Does the course contain lessons for beginners.
2. Does the course proceed with lessons for intermediate students and
advanced students.
3. Will some free lessons be offered to you before you part with your money.
4. How long does the course take to complete.
5. Does the course provide lessons on how to read sheet music.
6. Can the lessons be adapted for both keyboard and acoustic piano.
7. Are the step by step piano lessons simple to understand and to follow.
8. Is the price of the course reasonable and good value for money.

Another important consideration is that the course should contain an element of fun! It is very important that the course contains some light hearted aspects, so that boredom doesn’t set in and you feel like giving up.

And yet another consideration is - are you are able to complete these step by step piano lessons at your own speed, so that you don’t feel pressure or stress. This is a commonly heard complaint when it comes to taking conventional piano lessons off line, so be sure that there are no time limits for finishing the course.

There are many courses available for download on line, so do your research based on your own individual needs, and your particular financial ability. Step by step piano lessons are a really good idea as they are usually quite simple to follow, and geared towards getting you to the stage of an accomplished advanced pianist with minimal stress.

Lynda Mekalick is an internet marketer from "down under" - New Zealand. A passionate pianist, Lynda highly recommends the Rocket Piano system of learning for anyone wishing to learn to play the piano well while having fun along the way. Go grab your first lessons free now at

Friday, August 26, 2016

Composers of FILM MUSIC You Should Recognize

Maurice Jarre
Maurice Jarre (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
When an audience watches a movie at the theater much of the attention is on the characters playing the parts, on the story line, and on the movie setting. Many times the music that accompanies the actions on the screen is heard but does not command the attention as the movie's visual elements do. Yet cinematic music composers make valuable contributions to the overall cathartic feeling movies generate. A movie's music is one of the things a viewer will remember long after the movie is over. If you do not believe that, try humming the theme to "The Pink Panther" or "Star Wars".

An early film music composer from the Golden Age of Hollywood was Victor Young. The great movie director Cecil B. DeMille utilized Young's scores in many of his movies including "The Greatest Show on Earth". It was Young's score for the 1956 movie "Around the World in Eighty Days" that won a posthumous Oscar for him.

In the late 50's and early 60's, movie theme music gained popularity and the names of cinematic music composers became widely known. Ernest Gold wrote the music for the 1961 movie "Exodus", and the theme ascended the music charts that year. Henry Mancini wrote the theme for "The Pink Panther", a score nominated for an Academy Award in 1964. He also wrote the Academy award-winning score for 1961's "Breakfast at Tiffany's" from which the song "Moon River" came.

Other notable composers of movie music from that time include Maurice Jarre, Elmer Bernstein, Miklos Rozsa, Ennio Marricone, and Dimitri Tiomkin. The movies to which they contributed, were nominated, and won awards for are impressive. Titles like "Doctor Zhivago", "Lawrence of Arabia" (Jarre), "The Man With the Golden Arm", "The Magnificent Seven" (Bernstein), "Ben Hur", "El Cid" (Rozsa), "The Good, the Bad and the Ugly", "The Untouchables" (Marricone), "High Noon", and "The Guns of Navarone" (Tiomkin).

English: Photo by me of John Williams.
John Williams. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
If the names of modern cinematic music composers are fairly well known, their music is even more so. One of the best known of these composers is John Williams. His amazing career in music includes five Oscars, twenty Grammys, and four Golden Globes among other awards. You may have heard some of his music. His film scores include "Fiddler on the Roof", "Jaws", the "Star Wars" movies, "Close Encounters of the Third Kind", the "Indiana Jones" series, "Jurassic Park", "Superman", "Home Alone", "Schindler's List", "Saving Private Ryan", the "Harry Potter" series, "Memoirs of a Geisha", and "Munich", among many others.

James Newton Howard may not be a household name like John Williams but his film music credits are notable. He penned the scores for "The Prince of Tides", "The Fugitive", "King Kong", "The Village", "Batman Begins", and "The Dark Knight". The two Batman scores were co-written with Hans Zimmer, another cinematic music composer with many credits including the "Pirates of the Caribbean" scores, "The Prince of Egypt", and "The Lion King".

The next time you watch a movie and find yourself remembering the music long afterward, take note of the composer.

    Wendy Pan is an accomplished niche website developer and author. To learn more about cinematic music composers, please visit The Best Classical Music [] for current articles and discussions.
    Article Source: EzineArticles

Thursday, August 25, 2016

Band Instrument Repair - FLUTE - The Foot Joint

The foot joint of the flute consists of 3 keys on a C flute and 4 keys if there is a low B on the foot. The foot joint keys are the property of the baby finger of the right hand. The keys are made in such a way as to be pushed in different combinations by the baby finger.

Photo  by Khairil Zhafri 

One of the weakest points on the flute is where the foot joint joins the body. This is called the lower tenon and can be easily damaged. The foot joint can become loose and cause air leakage and loss of sound or become to tight and be very difficult to remove or put on. This can lead to numerous problems. The fact is that the foot joint is long, almost 6 inches in some cases, and the tenon that supports it's weight is only half an inch long. Supporting that much weight and length as well as being constantly put under the pressure of the keys being pushed down can tend to take it's toll if not maintained.

Like the body of the flute, the foot joint keys, springs and pads have to be maintained. Replacing, leveling, and seating all have to be done in order to have the keys seal correctly and thus allow the lower notes to play.

Almost all of the keys of the flute work in conjunction with one or more other keys. This means that when you press down on one key it may also cause one or more other keys to be pressed down at the same time. These keys have to be regulated so that when it is required that two or more keys close at the same time, it has to be the same time or you will have loss of sound and the flute won't play. Regulating the keys so that they work in this fashion is probably the most vital repair of the instrument. It requires a delicate balance of bending and leveling the keys as well as seating the pads better and adjusting spring tensions.

The final result of all of this should be a flute that is solid feeling, with no rattles or excessive key noise. No sticky pads or loose feeling keys. When you press the keys it should be very light pressure with a big sound and minimal effort. The last thing you want when you are playing a flute or any instrument really, is to be fighting with the physicalness of it instead of just enjoying the artistic and creative nature of it.

To sum it up, you need to have respect for the instrument you are playing and give it the attention it needs. Care and maintenance mean that it will always perform the way it is intended to play and you will enjoy your creativity uninterrupted by physical glitches.

Wednesday, August 24, 2016

Proper Way To Care For Your DRUMS

Your drums are not just instruments that you set on a stage and play, and then take home again for practice without ever touching them for maintenance or cleaning. The truth is, if you don't want to take the time to clean them and keep them properly tuned, you are not true to your trade. Depending on the type of drums that you have, there way be variations on the maintenance that the manufacturer recommends. How you care for your set depends also on the material from which it is made.

Dave Weckl's drum kit @ Jazz Alley, Seattle, W...
(Photo credit: Wikipedia)
So, if there isn't a rule regarding drum care, what do you do? As with your clothing, you follow the recommendations of the manufacturer. When you buy a new outfit, you check the label for laundering instructions – or you should – and the same is true of your drum set. Cymbals for the most part can be cleaned with a window cleaner, but how you clean your drums needs to be depends upon a variety of factors including material of the skins and of the outside. Steel is not recommended, though sometimes used, and there will be a different method than other material, which is usually simply soap and water or even glass cleaner for a shine.

As a drummer, you should be proud of your skins and want to keep them clean in between performances. It doesn't take more than perhaps a half hour a day to keep your set looking in top condition, but you want to make sure that you know exactly what you need to do before you even take the set home. If you order your drum set online, be sure you read all of the instructions regarding care and maintenance before you ever set up the kit, because some kits require oiling before you ever use the drums for the first time. Failing to do that when required can result in your drums sounding out of tune or not blending in with the rest of the musical instruments in the band.

Bear in mind that your drums are a major investment, and if you want them to last you for years to come, you have to take the time to take care of them from the day you first own them. You do not simply leave them to collect dust when you are not using them nor do you only take them in for maintenance when they don't sound as good as they did when they were new. Regular cleaning and routine maintenance will be your drum kit looking and sounding new for many years to come. It is unnecessary to buy a new set every few years if you take care of what you have from the start.